Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis Treatment India

nonalcoholic steatohepatitis treatment india

Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis is a condition of liver inflammation and damage caused by fat build-up in the liver. It forms part of a group of conditions called nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Many may have a fatty liver but no symptoms or problems. But in others, the fat in the liver causes inflammation and damages the liver cells. Due to the damage, the liver can’t function well as it should.

NASH can get worse with time causing scarring in the liver. The scarring then causes cirrhosis. NASH is similar to liver diseases caused by long term heavy drinking.

What are the symptoms of Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis?

In the early stages of NASH, there may be no symptoms but as the condition progresses and the damage in the liver gets worse, one can have symptoms such as:

  • Fatigue
  • Weakness
  • Weight loss
  • Pain in the upper right abdomen.

It can take many years for NASH to become severe to cause any actual symptoms.

What causes Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH)?

There is no such reason discovered yet why some people with liver fat get NASH and some don’t. Some of the factors that put people at risk for NASH and liver damage are:

  • Type 2 diabetes and insulin resistance
  • Obesity
  • Metabolic Syndrome
  • High Cholesterol
  • High triglycerides

The average age of people with NASH is 40-50 years. NASH can also happen to people who may not have any of the above factors.

How is Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) treated?

Here are some ways to manage the conditions that can increase the risk of NASH:

  • Maintain a healthy weight
  • Reduce the cholesterol level
  • Control Diabetes
  • Cut back on alcohol consumption
  • Exercise regularly
What is Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease?

Also termed as NAFLD, this condition is a combined term for a range of liver conditions that affect people who drink less or no alcohol. The main cause of damage in this disease is fat build-up in the liver cells.

NAFLD is the most common form of chronic liver disease. Some people with NAFLD can develop Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH).

What are the symptoms of NAFLD?

There no signs and symptoms of NAFLD but some possible signs include

  • Fatigue
  • Pain and discomfort in the upper right abdomen
What are the causes of NAFLD?

As there is a limited understanding of why people accumulate fat in the liver, it can be linked to the following reasons:

  • Obesity
  • Insulin Resistance
  • High blood sugar (hyperglycemia)
  • High levels of fat in the blood
What are the complications of NAFLD?

The main complication of NAFLD is long term scarring leading to cirrhosis. Cirrhosis can lead to :

  • Ascites- fat buildup in the abdomen
  • Swelling of veins in the esophagus
  • Liver cancer
  • Liver Failure
How can you prevent NAFLD?
  • Eat a healthy diet: Choose a diet that is plant-based and rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and healthy fats.
  • Maintain a healthy weight: Reduce the number of calorie intake and do more exercise.
  • Exercise: Exercise regularly after getting consulted by your doctor.

Consult our specialists for nash treatment in India

Frequently Asked Questions

Q.1.What is fatty liver disease?

When someone is overweight or obese, too much fat can be stored in the liver. This can lead to a disease called non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, or NAFLD. In some children and adults, the extra fat in the liver becomes a more severe problem, causing inflammation and scar tissue. When this happens, it is called non-alcoholic steatohepatitis, or NASH. Over time, NASH can lead to severe scarring, called cirrhosis (sir-oh-sis). Cirrhosis can lead to liver failure and loss of liver function. Unfortunately, children in elementary school are being diagnosed with more and more advanced liver disease due to this process.

Besides obesity, other risk factors for NAFLD include many features of the metabolic syndrome, such as:

  • Diabetes and insulin resistance
  • Dyslipidemia (high serum lipids)
  • Additionally, risk can be increased by race and ethnicity, as well as advancing age.
  • Too much acetaminophen can damage the liver. In addition to being the primary medication in Tylenol, acetaminophen is found in hundreds of other medicines, from over-the-counter (OTC) pain, cough, and cold remedies to prescription products such as Vicodin and Percocet.

    When taken as directed, acetaminophen is generally safe. Adults should take no more than a maximum daily dose of 3 g, with no more than 650 mg every 6 hours. Do not take more than directed as even small amounts above the recommendations can damage the liver.

    People who have liver disease or drink more than three alcoholic beverages daily are at greater risk of liver damage if they also use acetaminophen.

    Many people with liver disease have no symptoms, especially in the early stages. By the time symptoms occur, the liver may be badly damaged, such as scarring from cirrhosis. When symptoms do appear, they can be nonspecific, such as fatigue and muscle aches. Other symptoms of liver disease include:

  • Itchy skin
  • Distended abdomen
  • Dark urine
  • Loss of appetite/weight loss
  • Loss of sex drive
  • Yellowing of eyes or skin (jaundice)
  • Hepatitis is a disease that affects the liver. There are vaccines for both hepatitis A and B, but not for hepatitis C. The hepatitis A vaccine is routinely given to children in 2 doses. The first dose is given between 12 to 23 months of age and the second dose is given from 2 to 4 years of age (or sooner as long as it's at least 6 months from the first dose). Children older than 23 months may also get the vaccine, as well as adults who have not been previously vaccinated. The hepatitis B vaccine is routinely given to children in 3 doses. The first dose is given at birth, followed by the second dose at 1 to 2 months, and the third dose is given at 6 to 18 months. Children under 19 years who have not been vaccinated may receive a catch-up shot.

    The most common way hepatitis C is spread is by blood.

    This can happen when drug users share needles, or from accidental hospital needle-sticks. Other ways hepatitis C can be spread include sexual contact or from mother to baby during childbirth. Using condoms during sex can help prevent the spread of hepatitis C and other sexually transmitted diseases.

    There are a number of ways to help maintain liver health.

  • Limit alcohol intake
  • Limit consumption of dietary fats
  • Do not take medications and drink alcohol at the same time
  • Do not use illegal drugs
  • Practice safe sex and use condoms
  • Make sure all tattoos and piercings are performed in a sanitary manner
  • Get vaccinated for hepatitis A or B when needed for travel
  • Protect against airborne chemicals
  • Avoid exposure to blood
  • There is no evidence that liver detoxes work. If your liver is healthy, it will "detox" itself. Products that claim to cleanse the body after overindulgence in food or drink are not regulated by the FDA and have not been adequately tested or proven to work.

    There are some herbal remedies that may help: milk thistle may decrease liver inflammation and turmeric extract may protect against liver injury. Talk to your doctor before taking any supplements as they may cause unwanted side effects or interact with the medications you take.

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