Liver Transplant Specialist in India
Liver transplant specialist in India – Dr. Giriraj Bora is the Liver transplant specialist in India.
According to the Liver transplant specialist in India Cirrhosis is a condition that is an acquired end-stage liver disease, it happens mostly due to factors like as nutritional deficiencies and poisons like alcohol. These causes of liver damage include:
- Primary biliary cirrhosis, in this the bile becomes inflamed and gets destroyed.
- Secondary biliary cirrhosis results from after prolonged obstruction of the bile duct.
- Chronic active hepatitis, which is a long-term inflammation caused due to the Hepatitis virus.
- When the body’s defensive mechanism against infection starts to fight against itself.
- Inflammation of the bile ducts which results in hardening of the tissue and sclerosing cholangitis.
Liver Transplant Specialist in India
Liver transplant specialist in India – Dr. Ramdip Ray is a liver transplant specialist in India. He has received his training at Indraprastha Apollo Hospital, New Delhi and then at the prestigious Royal College of Surgeons of England and Wrexham Maelor Hospital, Wales, UK.
Liver Transplant Specialist in Gurgaon
Dr. Ray, a Liver transplant specialist in India, has been Involved in over 1500 liver transplants till now, therefore he is regarded as one of the best liver transplant specialist in India. While talking about liver cirrhosis he tells that liver cirrhosis is basically scarring of the liver. In liver cirrhosis, a scar tissue forms over the liver mainly because of an injury or a long-term disease.
The main functions of liver like making protein, helping to fight infections, cleaning the blood, helping to digest food and storing the energy, these are not possible by the scar tissue. Therefore cirrhosis can lead to
- Easy bruising and bleeding
- Abdomen and legs getting swelled
- Failure of kidney
- Severe itching
Causes of Liver Cirrhosis
Liver transplant specialist in India
Liver transplant specialist in India – Dr. Giriraj Bora who is also one of the best liver transplant specialist in India explains the causes that mainly lead to Liver Cirrhosis which are making the need for a liver transplant very urgent in certain situations. He is considered as the Liver transplant specialist in India.
Alcohol is known to poison all the living cells inside one’s body, and it causes liver cells to inflame and die. When the liver cells die, the body forms a scar tissue around the veins of the liver. Healing of the liver cells forms nodules also presses the liver veins.
The scarring happens in most alcoholics and it is the most common form of cirrhosis in the body.
The severity of the cirrhosis depends on how much you alcohol one consumes and how long one has been doing it. The amount of alcohol that is needed to injure the liver varies from person to person.
Hepatitis is the inflammation of the liver. It is a viral infection of the liver. Over the time inflammation damages liver cells and leads to scarring of the liver. Hepatitis A, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, and hepatitis D all cause cirrhosis. Hepatitis B is considered to be the most common cause of cirrhosis, by the liver transplant specialist in India.
- Biliary cirrhosis:
Bile is the substance that is produced by the liver in order to help the body to digest fats. This substance is carried from the liver to the gallbladder and it eventually goes into the intestines by bile ducts. When these ducts are blocked, the bile backs up and the liver is damaged. Then the liver becomes inflamed, therefore starting the long process of cell damage which ultimately leads to cirrhosis. Biliary Cirrhosis affects women between the age of 35-60 years.
- Autoimmune cirrhosis:
The body’s immune system defends against bacteria, viruses. Autoimmune diseases generally occur when the immune system starts to fight the healthy body tissues and organs. Here, the body’s immune system attacks the liver and causes cell damage that ultimately leads to cirrhosis.
Liver transplant specialist in India
Liver transplant specialist in India – Dr. Giriraj Bora is the best Liver transplant specialist in India.
liver transplant specialist in Gurgaon
Dr. Giriraj bora is a liver transplant specialist in Gurgaon. Liver transplantation is considered to be a complicated surgery, which requires a lifelong follow-up care. But, liver transplant recipients are generally able to return to normal activities after recovering for several months. Dr. Giriraj Bora who is a liver transplant specialist in Gurgaon says that it is an extensive process and the eligibility is determined on a case-by-case basis, but there are certain rules and guidelines.
Liver Transplantation from a Living Donor| liver transplant specialist in Gurgaon
Dr. Bora says that in most liver transplants deceased donors are used. But, a person may have to wait months or years before an organ is available. Now, since the liver has the remarkable ability to regenerate, the other option that is left is to transplant a small part of a liver from a living donor.
A living donor doesn’t necessarily have to be a blood relative, but the most important criteria is that they both must have a compatible blood type. The liver transplant specialist in Gurgaon points that at least about 40 to 60 percent of the donor’s liver is removed. And within a span of eight weeks, the part of the livers of both the donor and the one who got it are usually completely regenerated.
A transplants from a living person is done only when the risk to the donor is small and the benefit to the recipient is unquestionable. According to Medical Journals published in India there are about 250 to 400 liver donor transplants a year. And one in 300 donors die and about 30 percent are said to suffer complication.
The advantages of transplants from a living donor are:
- Better survival of the graft
- Lower rejection rates
- less time on liver transplant waiting list
Case of organ being rejected
After the transplant is done, the person who received the liver must get an immunotherapy done. So, that the body does not rejecting the new liver. Since, the transplanted liver is alien to the body, there are chances that the immune system might go on the offense. Transplant recipients are generally given drugs in order to suppress the immune system, and prevent rejection. Rejection of the new liver inside the body generally occurs a week or two after the transplantation; but there are also chances that the, rejection might occur at any time.
Elevated liver enzymes are the beginning signs of organ rejection after liver transplant.
Symptoms of liver rejection are;
- loss of appetite
- abdominal tenderness
- dark-colored urine
- light-colored stools
. Dr. Ramdip Ray, Senior Consultant in Liver Transplant & HPB Surgery, Indraprastha Apollo Hospital , New Delhi. Dr. Ray has been trained at Royal College of Surgeons of England Wrexham Maelor Hospital , Wales, UK, University College of Medical Sciences ( UCMS ) explains that as a liver transplant specialist in Gurgaon that different types of liver disease have to be treated in different ways. In order to manage liver disease and regenerating new, healthy liver cells, a healthy diet which will support healthy liver. But, if the liver is damaged beyond the point where regeneration is not an option or there is no other solution, the best treatment for some types of end stage liver disease is transplantation.
Dr. Ramdip Ray says that although the liver has a remarkable ability to repair itself in response to injury. The end stage of scarring is termed cirrhosis and corresponds to the point where the liver can no longer repair itself. Once a person has cirrhosis, he or she may begin to show signs of inadequate liver function. This is termed “decompensated liver disease.” Even though medications can help in decreasing, but still only a liver transplantation is the only permanent cure.