Who Can be a Donor?

Who Can be a Donor?

  1. The donor must be a relative. He must be willing and happy to donate a part of his liver purely for altruistic reasons.
  2. He or she must preferably be between 18 and 45 years of age, healthy, fit and of a compatible / matching blood group :
Patient blood group Matching donor groups
A+ or A- A+ / A- /O+ / O-
B+ or B- B+ / B- / O+ / O-
AB+ or AB – Any blood group acceptable
O+ or O- O+ / O-

Occasionally a donor / patient combination of non compatible blood groups may be considered for ABO incompatible liver transplant – this involves additional cost, additional procedures pre-transplant and additional risks for the recipient ( not for the donor ).

  1. The donors need to be related to the patient , either of the same family or related through marriage :

First degree relatives : Son, daughter, brother, sister, father , mother, husband , wife , grandfather, grandmother, grandson, granddaughter

Second degree relatives : Maternal or paternal uncle or aunt, nephew or niece, first cousins, son in law , daughter in law, brother-in-law, sister-in-law, father-in-law, mother-in-law

  1. A potential donor must:
  • Be in good overall health and physical condition
  • Be older than 18 years of age and younger than 60 years of age
  • Have a liver that is the right size for the recipient
  • Have a blood type compatible with the recipient
  • Have a near normal body weight (body mass index less than 35)
  1. A potential donor must be free from:
  • HIV infection
  • Known viral hepatitis
  • Active alcoholism with frequent and heavy alcohol intake
  • Psychiatric illness
  • A history of cancer
  • Heart and lung disease requiring medication
  • Diabetes
  • A history of previous liver surgery

 

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