A French Chest specialist by the of Rene Laennec is most famously known for having invented the stethoscope. However, he also had a keen interest in pathology and gave the name ‘ Cirrhosis ‘ to a chronic scarring of the liver due a variety of causes. Hence Liver Cirrhosis is also called Laennec’s Cirrhosis.
Long standing liver damage due to alcohol, viruses like Hepatitis B or C or a variety of reasons may lead to Liver Cirrhosis. This may lead to many problems :
The scar tissue makes the liver nodular ( Lumpy ) and hard; slowly the organ begins to fail. The liver is unable to produce the proteins like albumin . The scar tissue also blocks the smooth flow of blood through the liver. This builds up pressure in the portal vein leading to back pressure effects ( Portal hypertension ) .
There’s no cure for cirrhosis except a liver transplant, but you can often slow down the process by treating whatever is causing it.
There are two main stages —
In compensated cirrhosis, you won’t have any symptoms. There are still enough healthy liver cells to meet your body’s needs. They compensate, or make up for, the damaged cells and scarred tissue. If you don’t get treatment for the cause of your cirrhosis, it’ll get worse and over time, the healthy liver cells won’t be able to keep up. Nor will your liver be able to get rid of toxic substances in your body like ammonia.
Decompensated cirrhosis causes symptoms. It can lead to problems like these: