Liver Disease Treatment in Gurgaon India
The liver is the largest organ of the human body. It is also the largest gland in the human body. The liver performs many tasks related to metabolism, energy storage, and detoxification of body waste. It performs the function of two different glands. As the secretory gland, it makes and secretes bile into the bile ducts and as an endocrine gland, it makes and secretes chemicals directly into the blood. The liver helps in the digestion of food by converting it to energy and storing it for use later. It also filters harmful toxins out of the bloodstream.
The liver is located just below the diaphragm, in the upper right part of the abdomen, under the ribs. It is a dome-like structure with two parts- the larger right lobe and the smaller left lobe.
What are the functions of the liver?
The liver is responsible for performing various important and complex functions:
What is a liver disease and what are its signs and symptoms?
Liver Disease refers to any condition which affects the liver. The condition in the liver may develop for different reasons and damage the liver and its functioning. The liver usually takes the damage before the disease interferes with the functions of the liver and shows signs. Some of the signs and symptoms of liver disease are:
As the liver is responsible for some very important functions, when it doesn't work well, it can affect the whole body.
What are some of the common liver diseases?
Hepatitis: Hepatitis is the viral infection in the liver which causes inflammation and liver damage. It makes it difficult for the liver to function properly. Even though all types of hepatitis are contagious, the risk can be reduced by getting a vaccination for type A and type B of Hepatitis.
The different types of Hepatitis.
Fatty Liver Disease: When excessive fat builds up in the liver, it can lead to fatty liver disease.
Two main types of disease
Both types of fatty liver disease can cause damage in the liver leading to cirrhosis and liver failure. One needs to incorporate diet and other lifestyle changes to reduce the risk of complications.
Genetic Conditions: There are several conditions that may be inherited from either of the parents which can affect the liver.
Some of them are mentioned below
Autoimmune Conditions: In this condition, the immune system mistakenly attacks healthy cells of the body.
Some of these conditions are below
Cancer:There are two types of cancer, one which develops in the liver, and the other which develops in the other part of the body and spreads to the liver. The most common type of liver cancer is called Hepatocellular Carcinoma. Complications due to other diseases that aren’t treated may contribute to the development of liver cancer.
Cirrhosis : Cirrhosis is the scarring of the liver which results from liver diseases. Although the liver can regenerate itself in response to the damage, this process causes the development of the scar tissue. As the scar tissue develops, it makes it harder for the liver to function properly. Cirrhosis is usually treatable but if it is left unmanaged, it can cause life-threatening complications.
Liver Failure: Liver Failure occurs when the liver or a significant part of the liver is left damaged and cannot function properly. One may not have symptoms initially but over time, they can notice signs like jaundice, diarrhea, fatigue, nausea, and confusion. There are two types of liver failure- Acute and Chronic. Acute Liver Failure happens suddenly whereas chronic liver failure develops over time.